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Diabetes is a disorder, not a disease – this is something that we reinforce repeatedly.

Bad eating habits and lifestyle issues are aiding to rise of diabetics. Treatment of diabetes has led to a specific specialization in medicine called as diabetologists or diabetic consultants. Dr. Gaurav Chhaya is a expert diabetologists in Ahmedabad.

Diabetes is a medical condition in which the body fails to utilize the glucose present in the blood stream. Diabetes could result when there is a lack of the hormone insulin or when insulin that is readily available is not functioning effectively.People with this medical condition find it difficult to cope with it on a daily basis. Life can be very challenging for them. It involves routine monitoring of blood sugar levels, a stringent diet consisting of the right foods, a daily exercise regime, taking medications at defined intervals and visiting the doctor at the slightest discomfort.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is the main type of sugar found in your blood and your main source of energy. Glucose comes from the food you eat and is also made in your liver and muscles. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body’s cells to use for energy.

Your pancreas—an organ, located between your stomach and spine, that helps with digestion—releases a hormone it makes, called insulin, into your blood. Insulin helps your blood carry glucose to all your body’s cells. Sometimes your body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should. Glucose then stays in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells. Your blood glucose levels get too high and can cause diabetes or prediabetes.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is when the amount of glucose in your blood is above normal yet not high enough to be called diabetes. With prediabetes, your chances of getting type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke are higher. With some weight loss and moderate physical activity, you can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes. You can even return to normal glucose levels, possibly without taking any medicines.

What are the signs and symptoms of diabetes?

The signs and symptoms of diabetes are:

being very thirsty
urinating often
feeling very hungry
feeling very tired
losing weight without trying
sores that heal slowly
dry, itchy skin
feelings of pins and needles in your feet
losing feeling in your feet
blurry eyesight
Diabetes may require specialized care, depending on your condition.

There are 4 types of diabetes :

> Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes
> Type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes
> Gestational diabetes
> Pre-diabetes